Author Guidelines

1. All papers proposed for publication, are previously submitted for appreciation to an editorial committee composed of personalities of recognised merit whose institutional origin is diversified.


2. The appreciations mentioned on the previous point will originate, as appropriate, the following statements briefly explained:

– Approved for publishing

– Approved with the following changes

– Refused


3. Papers must be presented in English.


4. Papers should be in MS Word 12 pt Times New Roman font; 1,5. Notes must be in accordance to the following formatting: 1 spaced and 10 font.


5. Papers should not exceed 47250 characters with spaces, abstracts, keywords, bibliography, tables, images and footnotes.


6. Each paper must have: full title; name of the author; complete institutional identification of the author; email address. Papers should have also an abstract with 830 characters (maximum) and 5 keywords.


7. In case the paper contains parts and sections, these must be sequentially numbered and in the clearest possible way.


8. The italics must only be used in book names, in Latin words or in foreign language and even in neologisms and long quotes.


9. Notes must be automatically inserted and numbered.


10. Besides the italics, no other graphic presentations will be accepted, namely bold type (with the exception of the ones previously mentioned), underlined, words in full capital letters, irregular spaces, etc.


11. Images must be supplied in separate (JPG, TIF or GIF) with quality for offset printing (300 dpi). The text must have information regarding the insertion of images. The places where the figures are to be inserted must be indicated in the clearest way possible.


12. Graphics, schemes and charts must also be supplied in separate and editable or when possible, regarding the graphics, the origin of the numerical charts must be indicated.


13. The text has to be supplied ready for printing. A set of proofs for revision will be sent to the authors. No substantial or long revisions will be admitted and in case they occur, it will implicate the reappraisal of the paper.


14. Quotations must be in accordance to the “author-date” system. Example:

A Estratégia Empresarial é um conceito defendido por Michael Porter (1985), mas, outros autores, como Mintzeberg (Mintzberg et al., 1998 [1995]) sustentam uma opinião diferente.


15. When the words of the quoted author are integrally reproduced, these must be in quotation marks. Example:

Segundo Edward Luttwak (2000 [1998]: 171), a geoeconomia é uma nova forma rivalidade entre os países, surgida no pós-Guerra Fria, onde “o capital para investimento indústria proporcionado pelo Estado é o equivalente ao poder de fogo; o desenvolvimento de produtos subsidiados pelo Estado é o equivalente às inovações em armamentos”.


16. In detached quotes, the author must use an inferior font size (for ex.: “Times”11) and these must also be formatted in a margin inferior to the one of the main text, in italics. Example:

[Na] arena central dos negócios mundiais, onde os Americanos, os Europeus, os Japoneses e outros povos desenvolvidos colaboram e concorrem entre si, a situação alterou-se drasticamente. Dado que a guerra se tornou praticamente impensável, tanto o poderio militar como a diplomacia clássica perderam a sua importância ancestral nas relações mútuas, permanecendo úteis apenas para confrontar os desordeiros na periferia” (Edward Luttwak, 2000 [1998]: 169-170).


17. Whenever there is and indirect quote, this must be explicitly indicated in the text. Example:

“A Estratégia Empresarial, entendida como um posicionamento no mercado, é um conceito defendido por Michael Porter em The Competitive Advantage (1985), mas, outros autores, como Henry Mintzberg et al. em The Strategic Process (1995), sustentam uma opinião diferente. (Porter e Mintzberg et al. referidos em Adriano Freire, 1997: 527-528)”.


18. In the system “author-date”, footnotes cannot be used to mention the authors and quoted books because that reference is already in the text. Therefore, footnotes must only be used for complementary explanations to the main text, must be numbered and appear in the plinth of the correspondent page, in inferior font size (“Times New Roman” 10) and without line spacing.


19. Bibliography must be elaborated in coherence to the quotations system, according to the model “author-date”:

a) Book with one author: Freire, Adriano (1997), Estratégia. Sucesso em Portugal, Lisboa: Editorial Verbo.

b) Book with more than one author: Capurro, Rafael; Eldred, Michael; Nagel, Daniel (2009), Digital Whoness: Identity, Privacy and Freedom in the Cyberworld, Paris: Librairie.

c) Book with more than three authors: Mintzberg, Henry et al. (1995 [1998]), The Strategic Process, London: Prentice Hall Europe.

d) Papers in periodicals: Teixeira Fernandes, José Pedro (2001), “Realismo Político e Gestão Empresarial: uma Análise Crítica sobre a Transposição do Quadro Teórico-Conceptual da Ciência Política para as Ciências Empresariais”, in Percursos & Ideias, 4, pp. 58-68.

e) Contributions in collective works: De Woot, Philippe (2000), “Stratégie des Entreprises”, in Thierry de Montbrial e Jean Klein (eds.), Dictionnaire de Stratégie, Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, pp. 542-550.

f) Translation: Luttwak, Edward (2000 [1998]), Turbocapitalismo. Vencedores e vencidos na economia global (trad. port. de Turbo Capitalism, ed. original em 1998), Lisboa: Temas & Debates.

g) Online publications: Lee, K.; Carter, S. (2011), “Global marketing management”, in Strategic Direction, 27 (1), [Consult. a 01.02.2018]. Disponível em:

h) Academic works: Medeiros, E. (2010), A Cooperação Transfronteiriça Portugal-Espanha e Suécia-Noruega – Efeito Barreira e Impactes Territoriais do INTERREG-A, Tese de Doutoramento, Lisboa: IGOT – Universidade de Lisboa.

i) Legislation: Regime Jurídico do Trabalho no Domicílio, Lei n.º 101/2009, de 8 de setembro.


20. If there is more than one paper from the same author, elaborated in the same year, a letter must be added to the date. Example:

Der Derian, James (1995a), “Introduction: critical investigations”, in James Der Derian (ed.), International Theory: Critical Investigations, New York: New York University Press, pp. 1-11.

Der Derian, James (1995b), “A reinterpretation of Realism: Genealogy, Semiology, Dromology”, in James Der Derian (ed.), International Theory: Critical Investigations, New York: New York University Press, pp. 363-396.


21. Papers and works consulted on the internet must be, as much as possible, referenced in the same way classical bibliography is, published in book/paper, and completed with the respective online address (until the respective page). Due to reasons of academic-scientific legitimacy, texts of unknown authors or works of unknown origin cannot be referenced. Be aware that, normally, papers and works considered valid and that are available on the internet, are, in an academic- scientific point of view, papers and works that were already object of publication or of public disclosure in congresses/conferences/colloquia or other scientific meetings. If it is the case, this must be indicated in the respective bibliographic reference.


22. Bibliographical references should be ordered alphabetically and placed at the end of the paper. If there is more than one reference from the same author, the references must be sorted from the oldest to the most current one.


23. Papers must be sent in electronic format to